Last edited by Douhn
Wednesday, February 5, 2020 | History

2 edition of State--local government relations under the military (1985-1992) found in the catalog.

State--local government relations under the military (1985-1992)

O. O. Oyelakin

State--local government relations under the military (1985-1992)

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  • 32 Currently reading

Published by National Council on Intergovernmental Relations in Garki, Abuja, Nigeria .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Nigeria,
  • Nigeria.
    • Subjects:
    • State-local relations -- Nigeria.,
    • Nigeria -- Politics and government -- 1984-1993.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references (p. 19-20).

      Statementby O.O. Oyelakin.
      SeriesNCIR publications,, "94
      ContributionsNational Council on Intergovernmental Relations (Nigeria)
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsJS7656.3.A3 O95 1994
      The Physical Object
      Pagination20 p. ;
      Number of Pages20
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL849168M
      LC Control Number95128789
      OCLC/WorldCa32175361

      Huntington concentrated on the relationship between civilian leadership and the military qua institution while Janowitz focused on the relationship of the military qua individuals to American society. McMaster, who urged a more direct debate between civilians and the military on defense policy and actions, and Summers, who argued for a clear separation between civilians and the military, both pointed out controversies over the proper roles of civilian and military leaders. The First Finance Commission was constituted inwith Sri Neogy as the Chairman and it submitted its report in If too wide, civilian control of the military may be jeopardized due to serious misunderstandings between the two worlds. All planning is done at the Union level and it is the responsibility of the States to implement the plans.

      Experiences in Afghanistan highlight significant tension, if not conflict, between stabilisation and internationally recognised guidelines and principles governing civil—military interaction. With 24 allies, some of them volatile, Vajpayee has managed to run the coalition government successfully, because of bargaining. She argues that three societal institutions— 1 the military2 political elitesand 3 the citizenry must aim for a cooperative arrangement and some agreement on four primary indicators: Social composition of the officer corps. The War Report makes no determination as to whether belligerent occupation is occurring in these cases. Huntington concentrated on the relationship between civilian leadership and the military qua institution while Janowitz focused on the relationship of the military qua individuals to American society.

      If it does matter, what is causing it? Other grants are generally unconditional, but in certain cases, as in Assam, grants have been made for the development of backward areas and tribes. With the understanding that the rise of the Soviet Union created a long-term threat, Huntington concluded that the liberal society of the United States would fail to create adequate military forces to ensure security over the long term. In the case of occupied territory, the application of the present Convention shall cease one year after the general close of military operations; however, the Occupying Power shall be bound, for the duration of the occupation, to the extent that such Power exercises the functions of government in such territory, by the provisions of the following Articles of the present Convention: 1 to 12, 27, 29 to 34, 47, 49, 51, 52, 53, 59, 61 to 77, The US lifted its arms embargo in and once again became a major source for military hardware, but by then Pakistan had become heavily dependent on China as an arms supplier.


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State--local government relations under the military book

The United States established diplomatic relations with Japan in He ended his analysis with a "quintessential strategic lesson learned": that the Army must become "masters of the profession of arms," thus reinforcing an idea along the lines of Huntington's argument for strengthening military professionalism.

Among the Romans it was a standing maxim to excite a war, whenever a revolt was apprehended. To learn more about how we use and protect your data, please see our privacy policy. Zia lifted martial law inholding party-less elections and handpicking Muhammad Khan Junejo to be the Prime Minister of Pakistanwho in turn reappointed Zia as Chief of Army Staff until In certain matters in which Parliament may not find it necessary or expedient to make laws, a Sate can take the initiative, and if other States follow and the matter assumes national importance, Parliament can intervene and bring about a uniform piece of legislation to cover the entire Union Territory.

The tight control exercised by the Centre over the financial institutions of India restricts the action of States. Huntington's answer to this problem was "military professionalism.

Intrusive methods include, for the executive branch, such things as inspections, reports, reviews of military plans, and detailed control of the budget, and for Congress, committee oversight hearings and requiring routine reports. Municipalities vary greatly in size, from the millions of residents of New York City and Los Angeles to the people who live in Jenkins, Minnesota.

The Turian Hierarchy of Mass Effect is another example of a fictional stratocracy, where the civilian and military populations cannot be distinguished, and the government and the military are the same, and strongly meritocratic, with designated responsibilities for everyone.

military government

The First Finance Commission was constituted inwith Sri Neogy as the Chairman and it submitted its report in Huntington concentrated on the relationship between civilian leadership and the military qua institution while Janowitz focused on the relationship of the military qua individuals to American society.

Some Details of Distribution: i Taxes which are exclusively central, and the revenues which are wholly appropriated for the use of the Central Government form one group. In short, if external threats are low, liberal ideology "extirpates" or eliminates military forces. There was widespread agreement that there were two distinct worlds and that they were fundamentally different from one another.

However, those who are concerned about the lack of understanding between the civilian and military worlds are uniformly convinced that the civil-military relationship in the United States is unhealthy. No attempt was, however, made to take resort to legislation or to an amendment of the Constitution.

While most agree that such a gap is to be expected and, in and of itself, is not dangerous, some do concede the aspects of that gap have led directly to misunderstandings between the two worlds.

The method of recruiting military personnel. If agreement occurs among the three partners with respect to the four indicators, domestic military intervention is less likely to occur.

As of February 28,a total of 1, men and women remain on active duty in the U. During the conflict, the co-ordination between the armed forces of Pakistan were ineffective and unsupported.

In some states, counties are divided into townships. Constitution, all powers not granted to the federal government are reserved for the states and the people. Related Articles:. Taxes Levied and Collected by the Union and Distributed between Union and the States: Certain taxes shall be levied as well as collected by the Union, but their proceeds shall be divided between the Union and the States in a certain proportion, in order to effect an equitable division of the financial resources.

These concerns drove American military policy for the first century and a half of the country's existence.Sep 25,  · It observes events from the perspective of the Military Assistance Command's Office of Information in Saigon, which carried much of the burden of press relations, but necessarily considers as well the role of the White House, the State and Defense Departments, and the U.S.

embassy in Saigon in the creation of information policy. Civil-Military Relations These official Federal Government books cover the strategic partnership between civil society and military organizations established to protect it. It covers topics, such as civil society and democracy, political theory, societal conflicts, defense and security issues.

Military government, administration of occupied territory by an occupying power, including the exercise of executive, legislative, and judicial authority. In international law, territory is considered occupied when it is actually under the authority of hostile armed forces.

The necessity for. Census of Governments. The U.S.

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Census Bureau conducts a Census of Governments of all state and local government organization units every 5 years, for years ending in 2 and 7, as required by law under Title 13, U.S. Code, Section The collection of these data will. Identify the scope and nature of the nation's state and local governments.

Oct 18,  · U.S.-Philippine Relations. The relationship with the United States was redefined in the early s, when the United States complied with Philippine demands to vacate various military.

State government refers to the government offices, elected officials, bureaucrats, laws and government services that exist at the state level in each of the 50 states in the United States while local government refers to governments that cover smaller jurisdictions below the state level, including county and city government.